Accelerated EDM Microstructuring Aided by Electroceramic Transducers

Piezoelectric high-speed motion improves performance of die-sinking EDM in the micron realm. The basic principle of the machining process, now known as electrical discharge machining (EDM), or die sinking, was discovered in the 1940’s by accident, when Russian scientists were trying to prevent the erosion of electrical contacts caused by sparking. Today, EDM is well […]

Advances in Precision Motorized Positioning Systems: Selection Criteria

Motion drive and control technologies are advancing rapidly. This means engineers have access to an expanding spectrum of options to leverage previously unattainable performance and form factors. Rapidly evolving production processes have driven needs for motion control systems that provide higher accuracy, speed, resolution, and repeatability. The motion industry has responded with an expanding palette […]

Imaging: Miniature Drives for Focus and Zoom Control for Endoscopy

Minimal invasive surgery (MIS) is aiming at causing patients as little discomfort as possible and endoscopes play an important role here. Traditional Chip-on-the-Tip endoscopes use fixed focus optics, which cannot display objects at different distances with optimum resolution. By integrating a miniature drive, it could become possible to achieve variable focusing, so that the object […]

PI Technology Blog

PI Technology Blog: Whitepapers and Application Insights on Precision Motion Control, Automation, and Piezo Technology PI’s tech blog offers over 40 years of insight into innovative applications of precision motion control, nanopositioning, and micropositioning in industry, science, and research. We hope the PI blog is an enjoyable and informative resource, and a starting-point for innovation […]

Patterned Motion Generation: Precision in the Time Domain

Complex patterned motion generation is becoming increasingly important for applications such as vehicular simulation and airborne platform simulation and test.  However, many other emerging fields of structural and active mechanical subsystem analysis, validation, and design can also benefit from flexible, six-degree-of-freedom motion simulator mechanisms capable of generating specific motion patterns in real time. Previously, mechanical […]

Image Stabilization and Multi-Axis Patterned Motion Simulation

Motion simulation is crucial in the evaluation of many devices, including vibrating testing of vehicles or airplanes, response testing of accelerometers or gyroscopes and image sensors such as those used in high end cameras and smartphones. Repeatable multi-axis motion simulation can help tweak advanced algorithms in image stabilization systems and verify the performance of opto-mechanical […]

Fast Piezo Scanning Stages for Pixel Sub-Stepping, Image Resolution Enhancement, Super-Resolution Imaging and Vibration and Shake Suppression

Increasing the Resolution of Optical Sensor Chips: Applications of Pixel Sub-Stepping Optical Resolution in Imaging Low light conditions create difficult conditions for imaging applications from astronomy to microscopy. Low light intensity means neither the resolution of the chip nor the exposure time for changing or moving objects can be freely chosen. Typical applications are fluorescence […]

Reliability of Ultrasonic Motors

1.  Overview PILine® positioning systems are based on a direct drive using ultrasonic piezo motors. Therefore, very low response times as well as accurate positioning can be accomplished. Due to the particular operating principle, PILine® ultrasonic motors are self-locking even when switched off, a great advantage when it comes to position stability. Ultrasonic motors are […]

Advances in Piezo Mechanics Aid Eye Surgery

Piezo motion-based mechanisms provide a variety of features that are highly sought after in life-science and medical engineering applications, such sterile ceramic designs and lubricant-free drives. Ceramics are also non-magnetic, an advantage in high-energy imaging/scanning based on strong magnetic fields. Piezo mechanisms can also provide very precise motion with incredible speed. Successful correction of vision […]

Reliable Piezo Motion Devices for Industrial and Space Applications

Piezo ceramics convert electrical energy directly into mechanical motion and vice versa, based on crystalline solid state effects. Piezo actuators are quite unique in combining force, speed and precise motion into a small package. To make them more accessible for OEM designers, manufacturers can package the actuators inside an arrangement of flexures providing precision guidance, […]

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About PI

PI (Physik Instrumente) is a leading manufacturer of precision motion control equipment, piezo motors, air bearing stages and hexapod parallel-kinematics for semiconductor applications, photonics, bio-nano-technology and medical engineering. PI has been developing and manufacturing standard & custom precision products with piezoceramic and electromagnetic drives for 4 decades. The company has been ISO 9001 certified since 1994 and provides innovative, high-quality solutions for OEM and research. PI is present worldwide with fifteen subsidiaries, R&D / engineering on 3 continents and total staff of more than 1,000.

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