Category: Motorized Precision Positioners

High Performance Motion Control – Systems Approach Provides Nanometer Precision for Industrial Applications

High performance motion control plays a key part in positioning and handling applications, such as those in semiconductor manufacturing, laser and materials processing, optical inspection systems, additive manufacturing or industrial digital printing. In addition to providing reliability and robustness, deterministic behavior with minimized latency, high-speed synchronization with external devices, such as lasers and cameras, is […]

Improving Accuracy of Long Travel Linear Positioning Stages with Error Mapping

Linear encoders significantly improve the accuracy and repeatability in stepper or servo-motor positioning stages based on lead or ballscrew drives – they remove drivetrain based play, backlash, and screw pitch errors. But even the best linear encoders are not perfectly linear. As long as these linearity errors are repeatable, there is a way to reduce […]

Performance, Resolution, and Velocity Control of Stepper Motor-Driven Precision Positioners

Stepper Motor Basics Many processes in production, automation, and research rely on precisely moving, adjusting and aligning tools, optics, and components. Precision positioning equipment, based on a rotating electric motor and some kind of screw drive or worm gear drive to transfer and convert the output at the motor shaft into motion at the positioning […]

Advances in Precision Motorized Positioning Systems: Selection Criteria

Motion drive and control technologies are advancing rapidly. This means engineers have access to an expanding spectrum of options to leverage previously unattainable performance and form factors. Rapidly evolving production processes have driven needs for motion control systems that provide higher accuracy, speed, resolution, and repeatability. The motion industry has responded with an expanding palette […]

Performance of Direct-Drive Linear Motor Stages in Precision Positioning Applications

Brushless direct drive linear motors provide advantages over leadscrew and ballscrew driven positioning stages when it comes parameters such as acceleration, maximum speed, accuracy, constancy of velocity, and avoidance of vibration. This article explains types of motors, encoders and provides test data of PI’s new V-551 linear motor stage.   Iron Core and Ironless Motors […]

Performance of a Large Motorized Rotary Air Bearing Stage for Synchrotron Crystallography

PI recently built a large 300mm diameter rotary air bearing stage for use in a synchrotron beamline test facility. The beamline, when finished, will be used for Macromolecular Crystallography. This stage was designed with the goal of achieving best-possible performance for the following specifications: Stiffness Load capacity Radial runout error motion Velocity smoothness The application […]

Positioning Capabilities of Ultrasonic Motors

  1.  Overview While conventional positioning systems convert the rotary motion of a motor into linear motion using a spindle, PILine® positioning systems are based on a special direct drive. This completely eliminates backlash and play and enhances the response time and positioning accuracy. Furthermore, they offer high-resolution positioning and fast step-and-settle performance. At the […]

Scanning Performance of Air Bearings

1.  Introduction A common application in which an air bearing is specified is scanning. Scanning involves moving either a work-piece or an optic at a constant velocity, while a reading or writing operation takes place. Such operations include printing and image-setting (i.e., writing) and imaging (i.e., reading). While the physical act of writing an image […]

Force & Position Control in Precision Automation

A host of applications can benefit from fast actuation systems equipped with precise metrology for controlling both force and position accurately. These include: Fast production testing of touch- and force-sensitive and haptic components; Delicate, high-speed automated assembly procedures where position vs. force is important; Testing of physical characteristics such as compliance, damping or other material […]

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About PI

PI (Physik Instrumente) is a leading manufacturer of precision motion control equipment, piezo motors, air bearing stages and hexapod parallel-kinematics for semiconductor applications, photonics, bio-nano-technology and medical engineering. PI has been developing and manufacturing standard & custom precision products with piezoceramic and electromagnetic drives for 4 decades. The company has been ISO 9001 certified since 1994 and provides innovative, high-quality solutions for OEM and research. PI is present worldwide with fifteen subsidiaries, R&D / engineering on 3 continents and total staff of more than 1,000.

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